CHEN Fong-fong 陳芳芳
Hong Kong University of Science and Technology 香港科技大學

Staging Everyday Life and the Pleasures of Leisure: Images of Women in Qing Dynasty Chinese Painting
閒情與日常:從清代仕女畫管窺女性形象

This paper explores the depictions of objects, clothing, and architectural spaces as narrative modes in the pictures of women's everyday lives in relation to their social roles. By looking at images of women, with a focus on the paintings shown in "Beauty Revealed: Images of Women in Qing Dynasty Chinese Painting" (University of California, Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive, 2013), this paper emphasizes the everyday and cultural lives of women in inner chambers and gardens. It argues that everyday life, in particular women's leisure activities and hobbies, could be a significant aspect of gender analysis. This paper posits that women were both the audience for these images, as well as subjects of the male gaze, and positions their daily life within the literati culture of the Ming and Qing periods.

本文以仕女畫中描繪的器物、服飾和建築空間為切入點,探討畫中女性的日常生活與其社會身分的關係。以《紅妝麗影:中國清代美人圖》(加州大學伯克利分校美術館和太平洋電影文獻庫,2013)的展品為例,本文著重探討女性在閨閣和庭院的日常生活和文化熏陶。本文旨在指出日常生活,尤其是女性的閒情雅趣,可作為性別研究的進路。畫中女性作為男性凝視的對象,亦同時是畫作的觀者,從中可窺見女性的日常生活,進而討論其與明清時期文人風尚如何相互對照。