SHI Ningchang 史寧昌
The Palace Museum 故宮博物院

Traditional Techniques and Scientific Means in Conservation at The Palace Museum
故宮文物的傳統修復工藝與新技術應用

The Palace Museum is the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties, where 24 emperors had lived the whole empire. Going through hundreds and thousands of years of vicissitudes, a myriad of collected treasures had survived with varying degrees of damage and corrosion. The restoration of cultural heritage has a long history. Its approaches have passed down through word of mouth from generation to generation. The Conservation Department has become a professional department which is mainly engaged in conservation, restoration and scientific research of cultural heritage after years of development. With the application of science and technology on the conservation of cultural heritage, it has provided significant support for the diagnosis of damage, as well as formulation of strategies for preventive conservation and restoration of cultural heritage. "Traditional techniques" and "scientific means" together forms the backbone upon which "The Hospital for Cultural Heritage" was established in The Palace Museum. Over half a century, these cultural treasures were sent into "The Hospital for Cultural Heritage" with their longevities extended by the doctors in the hospital. Meanwhile, the Conservation Department possesses 4 items of National Intangible Cultural Heritage. With the implementation of "Peaceful Palace Museum" project, more than one hundred professional and technical personnel from 13 kinds of workshops restore hundreds of pieces of cultural heritage every year, including: wood, textile, lacquerware, inlay, metal, ancient clock, ceramic, mounting of ancient painting and calligraphy, facsimileing and digital printing of ancient painting and calligraphy, traditional packaging, thangka and artwork.

故宮是明清兩代24位皇帝之朝寢,彙集了無數奇珍異寶,藏品歷經數百年乃至上千年的滄桑,存在不同程度的破損。文物修復歷來有之,修復之法世代傳承。文保科技部經歷歷史沿革,現已發展成為從事文物保護修復和科學研究的業務部門。隨著科學技術在文物保護中的應用,為文物病害的診斷、文物的預防性保護和文物修復提供了重要的支撐。「古法」和「今術」的結合構建起故宮博物院的「文物醫院」。半個多世紀以來,文物被送進「文物醫院」,文物醫生使他們延年益壽。伴隨著「平安故宮」工程的實施,我部已擁有4項國家級非物質文化遺產,木器、織繡、漆器、百寶鑲嵌、金石、鐘錶、陶瓷、古書畫裝裱修復、古書畫臨摹、古書畫數位噴繪複製、囊匣製作、唐卡、藝術品修復等13個門類的工作室一百多位專業技術人員每年修復文物數百件。