MING Wilson and GUO Fuxiang 劉明倩及郭福祥
Victoria and Albert Museum and The Palace Museum 維多利亞與艾伯特博物館及故宮博物院

Tribute and Gift - Material Evidence of the Macartney Embassy to China
貢品與賞物︰馬戛爾尼訪華的實物見證

In 1792 Lord George Macartney led a British embassy to Beijing, ostensibly to offer gifts to Emperor Qianlong for his birthday. Citing the high value, the fragility and bulkiness of the gifts as excuse, the embassy did not follow the standard procedure of landing in Guangzhou, but sailed direct to Tianjin instead. They submitted a "tribute list", which is now preserved in the China First Historical Archive.

Emperor Qianlong in return gave the King of England and members of the embassy numerous artefacts, called shangwu (bestowal). The original bestowal list is still extant in England, its copy in China.

The two speakers, Ming Wilson from the V&A and Go Fuxiang from the Palace Museum, will discuss what happened to the gifts in both England and China after this historic Sino-British encounter.

1792年,以馬戛爾尼勳爵為首的英國使團出發前往北京,替乾隆皇帝祝壽。使團帶著大批禮物,並以禮物貴重和體積大為籍口,不按常規在廣州登陸而將船隻直開往天津。英吉利國那張貢單,現仍保存在中國第一歷史檔案館。使團覲見過乾隆皇帝後,中國回贈以賞物。賞單也在中、英兩國保存下來。

乾隆皇帝如何處置那批貢品?英王喬治三世對來自中國的禮物又給予什麼待遇?兩位講者會就這課題發表他們的研究結果。